As an agent of the State of Wisconsin, the Rock County Public Health Department permits all campgrounds and recreational and educational camps.

The Rock County Public Health Department licenses and inspects 10 campgrounds, 3 Rec-Ed camps, and occasional temporary campgrounds. Inspectors are responsible for ensuring licensed facilities maintain a safe, healthy environment for their customers and employees. Corrective actions are ordered and follow-up inspections are conducted to ensure compliance. All complaints are investigated. Besides reactionary actions, inspectors also play a critical prevention role by providing education, training, and resources to operators.